Bac Giang ‘s cultural resources originated in an ancient culture and history. The province owned cultural sediment basement. In term of intangible cultural resources, there are 2,237 vestiges, among them 109 vestiges were ranked in National Level and Specially National Level; 276 vestiges is recognized in Provincial Level. Besides, Bac Giang owned 255 communal houses, temples, pagodas and 7 revolutionary historic vestiges.
Vinh Nghiem pagoda
Vinh Nghiem pagoda or Duc La pagoda is located at Quoc Khanh village, Tri Yen commune, Yen Dung district. This ancient pagoda dates back to Ly dynasty and it was embellished and built into the Buddhism Center of Truc Lam Zen Sect by King Tran Nhan Tong in the 13th century.
The pagoda includes main architectural blocks such as Tam Quan gate (three-entrance gate), Tien duong (Front-house building), Thieu huong (incense- burning place), Thuong dien (upper temple), the First Patriarch's house, the steeple, the east - west corridors and the tower garden. The pagoda was ranked as national historical and cultural relic in 1964.
Currently, many ancient exhibits such as the Buddha statues, friezes, paintings and stone steles are preserved in this pagoda, especially the 3,050 woodblocks inscribed with Chinese and Nom characters including Buddhism sutras, biography of the senior monks and folk medicinal guidebooks. These woodblocks have been carefully preserved with clear inscriptions and invaluable artistic values. In 2012, Vinh Nghiem pagoda woodblocks were recognized by UNESCO as the World Documentary Heritage in the Asia-Pacific area under Memory of the World Programme.
Vinh Nghiem pagoda Festival was recognized a national intangible heritage by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism on September 9, 2003. The pagoda was recognized as special national historical and artistic architecture relic site by Prime Minister on December 23, 2015.
Over 700 years, Vinh Nghiem pagoda has been well preserve and become a holy place for visitors from other localities for sightseeing and worshiping.
Tay Yen Tu spiritual and ecological tourism complex.
Tay Yen Tu spiritual and ecological tourism complex is located in Tay Yen Tu town, Son Dong district. This tourism complex covers an area of 13.8 hectares including 4 independent pagoda clusters - Trinh pagoda, Ha (Lower or Phat Quang) pagoda, Trung (Middle) pagoda and Thuong (Upper or Kim Quy) pagoda. The pagodas are at the height from 145 to nearly 1,000 metres connecting to Dong (Bronze) pagoda and the Statue of Buddhist Emperor Tran Nhan Tong on the top of Yen Tu Mountain.
This construction work has been built since 2014 and expected to be completed in 2025. Currently, the items in phase 1 have been completed including Thuong and Ha pagodas, the cable car system from Ha pagoda to Thuong pagoda station, the central square, the streamside restaurants, the landscape bridge to Ha pagoda and some other auxiliary facilities.
Tay Yen Tu spiritual and ecological tourism complex is established to connect the beautiful landscapes system of Bac Giang province to those in Quang Ninh province to create a linked route for tourism development. Tay Yen Tu festival takes place in lunar January.
Tay Yen Tu is surrounded with peaceful forests and mountains with year-round cool weather and fresh air. Tourists can visit this destination at anytime but it is most beautiful in spring-summer time.
Xuong Giang ancient Citadel Relic.
Bac Giang is an ancient land with long tradition connected with the history of the country during the period of building and defending the country. Xuong Giang ancient citadel is located in Xuong Giang ward, Bac Giang city, Bac Giang province built by Chinese Ming troops in the 15th century (1407).
According to historical records, Xuong Giang victory by Dai Viet (ancient name of Vietnam) military and people leaded by Le Loi defeated 100,000 Ming invaders in nearly one month in the areas of current Lang Son and Bac Giang. There were four great victories: the Battle on 10 October smashing enemy’s vanguard and killing Prince LiuSheng at Chi Lang border pass; the battle on 15 October defeating the enemy in Can Tram (Huong Son- Lang Giang), forcing the enemy’s general commander Liangming to suicide; Ho Cat Battle on 18 October (Voi, Xuong Lam, Phi Mo, Lang Giang) making Minister Li Qing suicide and the Battle taking place on the field of Xuong Giang (in the communes of Tan Dinh, Xuan Huong, My Thai of Lang Giang district, and Tho Xuong, Bac Giang city) on 3 November 1427, after 10 days of siege, the military defeated more than seven thousand enemies led by Cui Ju and Huang Fu, forced Minh invaders in Dong Do (Hanoi) to surrender and withdraw from our country.
Xuong Giang citadel was considered the center of the battles and then also witnessed many important events of the homeland, especially the uprising led by Nguyen Huu Cau (Quan He) occurred in the second half of the 18th century. To celebrate the historic victory of the Lam Son insurgent army in Xuong Giang, annually, Bac Giang holds the festival on 6th – 7th lunar January. During the festival, there are many ceremonies and special interesting games. The Minister of the Culture, Sports and Tourism issued Decision No. 293 / QD-BVHTT-DL dated 22 January, 2009 to rank Xuong Giang ancient citadel as the national historical relic site.
With the values recognized in history and the consensus of all levels, sectors and people, the historical monument of Xuong Giang victory is forever the pride of the people of Bac Giang in particular, and people of Vietnam in general in the country’s glorious history against foreign invaders.
© Bac Giang Department of Foreign Affairs